Aquaculture is also known as fish or shellfish farming. Aquaculture is the breeding and harvesting of a freshwater fish, marine fish, and plants. It can be performed in many different water environments including lakes, rivers, ponds, the ocean and tanks.  Aquaculture is used to produce the fish, shellfish, and for food, sport fishing, bait fish, and ornamental fish. Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing food producing sectors.  It is responsible for almost 50 percent of all of the worlds fresh water and marine fish consumed.  There are two main types of aquaculture freshwater aquaculture and marine aquaculture.

Fresh water aquaculture is used to produced fish that are native to fresh water ponds and streams.  Fresh water aquaculture is primarily used to produce catfish. It is also used to produce bass, tilapia, and trout.  The farming is done in natural ponds or most bigger operations use man made ponds which can be better controlled.

Marine aquacultures farms are primarily done in the ocean.  The farmers use cages placed on the sea floor or they can be suspended from floating platforms. Marine aquaculture can also be done at in land man made salt water ponds.  Marine Aquaculture is used mainly to raise oysters, clams, mussels, shrimp, and salmon, but they also raise cod, moi, yellowtail, barramundi, seabass, and seabream.

Nick Freeman is a 2012 graduate of Spoon River College. Currently attending Western Illinois University and will graduating in May of 2016. Born and raised in central Illinois. Joined the Air National Guard in August of 2010. Enjoys to do everything outdoors from fishing, hunting, camping, riding his four wheeler and dirt bikes, and farming for his long time family friend.


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